Europe’s cities will face more extreme weather “beyond breaking point” a study suggests

Europe’s cities will face more extreme weather “beyond breaking point” a study suggests

News

 

Researchers at the Newcastle University Polytechnic School published a study at the scientific journal Environmental Research Letters  which highlights the urgent need to adapt urban areas to cope with extreme weather, and more precisely three areas that the beAWARE project is intended to tackle: floods, droughts and heatwaves. The study used all available climate models (based on three scenarios) to predict how the weather would evolve to 571 European cities by 2050-2100, focusing on the three above-mentioned phenomena.

Even with the most optimistic of the three scenarios, the study predicts higher temperatures and worse heatwaves in 571 cities. Moreover, it estimates increased droughts mainly in southern Europe, an augmentation of floods in north-western Europe and a wider deterioration of the risks from extreme weather conditions in the majority of European cities.

Scientists predict that some parts of the European South can experience droughts up to 14 times worse than today. The five cities with the largest projected increases in drought are: Athens, Lisbon, Madrid, Nicosia and Sofia; with the largest increases in heatwaves are expected to be: Athens, Nicosia, Prague, Rome and Sofia, and those with the largest flooding increases will be: Dublin, Helsinki, Riga, Vilnius and Zagreb.

The lead author, Selma Guerreiro, said: “Although southern European regions are adapted to cope with droughts, this level of change could be beyond breaking point. Furthermore, most cities have considerable changes in more than one hazard, which highlights the substantial challenge cities face in managing climate risks.” A co-author, Prof Richard Dawson, said: “The research highlights the urgent need to design and adapt our cities to cope with these future conditions.”

beAWARE platform and its tools can play a vital role to cope with the challenges that the majority of the European cities will face in the next years coming from climate change and the deterioration of the extreme weather phenomena.

Sources: The Guardian, Skynews, IOPscience

 

 

Cities face higher risks from the temperature rises

Cities face higher risks from the temperature rises

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There is a general consensus among environmental scientists that the average Earth’s temperature is slowly rising, but, according to a study coming from the University of California, the temperatures are rising even higher in the world’s big cities during the hot days of the year.

The survey reveals that, while the average annual temperature of our planet is rising with a slow but steady pace for many years, there is a worrying, much steeper, rise in extreme temperatures during the hottest days of the year. The situation is more noticeable – and more deadly – in the largest cities in the world, especially those with more than five million inhabitants

Scientists analyzed the hottest days of the year from 8,848 weather stations around the world at a depth of 50 years, seeing an average increase of 0.19 degrees Celsius every decade, rising to 0.25 degrees a decade later, between 1986 -2015. (https://goo.gl/GnnB61)

“This dramatic urbanization, which has occurred more rapidly in the least-developed parts of the world, will aggravate the impacts of extreme weather events and increase the risk of heat-related fatalities in the future,” the report noted.

Sources: UCI, REUTERS, In.gr

Water levels hit critical level in Paris, France

Water levels hit critical level in Paris, France

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The water levels of the Seine and Marne, two of major rivers in France crossing the capital Paris, have been steadily risen since last week, causing an evacuation of around 1.500 people as many streets and basements were flooded in the greater Paris metropolitan area. Fears have been expressed that the exceptional increased rainfall of the last weeks will further augment the water levels according to the flood warning agency Vigicrues. Even more alarming is the announcement coming from France’s meteorological service, declaring the current December-January period as the third wettest on record since data collection began in 1900 (https://goo.gl/zwYwQK). Drone footage is showing the swollen Seine as it has peaked at more than four metres above its normal level (https://goo.gl/pSSK4Y).

Source: France24, BBC News, REUTERS

The extreme weather events of 2017 in Greece

The extreme weather events of 2017 in Greece

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The meteorological service of the National Observatory of Athens announced the record of the temperature, rainfall and wind speed recorded during 2017 in Greece.

According to the NOA’s automatic weather station network, the temperature of 45.9 degrees Celsius recorded at Mires Heraklion on July 17, 2017, was the absolute maximum temperature of last year, but also the highest maximum temperature recorded in nearly 13 years its operation.

Also, the absolute minimum temperature in residential areas was -18.8 degrees Celsius in Florina on January 12, 2017, while the maximum wind gust was recorded in Paxi and was 133.6 km / h.

The maximum daily rainfall was in Platanias, Crete, on 26/10/2017, reaching 242mm. On an annual basis, the maximum rainfall occurred last year in Zagora Pelion, which received a total of 2,068 millimeters of rain. The minimum annual rainfall was recorded in Mykonos (242 mm throughout 2017),

The most notable finding was the temperature of 40.2 degrees Celsius recorded in Argos on 13/5/2017, which is the highest temperature ever recorded for the month of May.

Source: Meteo.gr

New deadline for submission of papers for ISCRAM 2018

New deadline for submission of papers for ISCRAM 2018

News

New submission deadline! The final date for the submission of papers for the participation in the ISCRAM2018 has been rescheduled for 28th of January!
beAWARE project, in collaboration with I-React and AnywhereH2020, is organizing a workshop during the annual international conference ISCRAM2018 in Rochester, NY on May 20-23, The subject of the workshop is on information systems for crisis response and management of climate disasters including fires, floods, earthquakes and heatwaves.
For any additional information on the conference, or the submission process, click the following links:
https://iscram2018.rit.edu/submissions
https://www.conftool.pro/iscram2018/

1st International Workshop on Intelligent Crisis Management Technologies for climate events

1st International Workshop on Intelligent Crisis Management Technologies for climate events

News

beAWARE together with IReact and ANYWHERE organizes the 1st International Workshop on Intelligent Crisis Management Technologies for climate events – ICMT - in May 20th, 2018 http://mklab.iti.gr/icmt2018/ in conjunction with the 15th International Conference on INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR CRISIS RESPONSE AND MANAGEMENT “Visualizing Crisis” https://iscram2018.rit.edu

Third plenary meeting in Haifa

Third plenary meeting in Haifa

News

The third plenary meeting of the beAWARE project in Haifa, with the participation of the entire consortium, offered many interesting presentations and a great opportunity for all partners to catch up with their respecting colleagues. We would like to thank our host IBM for their excellent hospitality, and all the participants for the dedicated time in the presentations, discussions and meetings.

Floods in Northern Italy

Floods in Northern Italy

News

 

Heavy rains that fell the weekend of 10th and 11th of September in Northern Italy caused severe flooding in Tuscany region.

The areas worst hit were the Spezia region and the picturesque Five Lands tourist destination, where up to 500 millimetres of rain fell in just a few hours overnight.Four members of one family trapped in their basement apartment died in the city of Livorno, which was taken on the brunt of the flooding. In total, 6 people were report dead and 2 missing.

Sources: CNN, La Repubblica

Heatwaves in West and South Europe

Heatwaves in West and South Europe

News

In the end of June, Europe experienced one of the most intense heatwave in the meteorological recording history. Britain sustained its warmest June day since of 1976 and France suffered the hottest June night ever on the 21st century. Similarly, the Netherlands faced its hottest June on record while in Switzerland it was the second warmest month since 1864.

In Greece, temperatures were risen up to 45-46 degrees Celsius in the shadow across the country. To make matters worse, the heat index (the real feeling of the temperature) was a couple of degrees higher than the previous mentioned temperatures due to the increased humidity. In some cities, the thermometer was showing even 60 degrees Celsius under the sun.

According to World Weather Attribution (an international coalition of scientists that calculates the role of climate change in extreme weather events), human-caused climate change dramatically increased the likelihood of the extreme heatwave up to 10 times in many parts of Europe. Their study indicated that in countries like Spain, Portugal and France, climate change could be increasing the chances of extreme heat by up to 40 times.

beAWARE can play a vital role in the response of these extreme weather tendencies. Its early warning system regarding the upcoming phenomenon, combined with the coordination platform and cooperation mechanism between the different civil services and first responders, can provide significant assistance in taking the necessary measures in order to avoid past problems and address the heatwave more efficiently.

Sources: BBC, REUTERS, Kathimerini